Old Testament: Deuteronomy 23:1-25:19
Dt. 23: 1-9 Can’t Get In
No one who had dedicated himself to the point of becoming a eunuch to serve others gods could be admitted to the nation of Israel. Nor could one born out of wedlock. It did not mean they could not trust God for salvation. It meant they could not have the privileges of an Israelite such as marrying an Israelite, holding office, or other privileges of the covenant.
“To the tenth generation” may mean forever (though see comment on Ruth below).
The Ammonite and Moabites had not allowed Moses to pass through their countries so they are forbidden from status as an Israelite. They were born of incestuous relations between Lot and his daughters (Gen. 19: 30-38). They opposed God and His people even to the point of hiring Balaam to curse them. Ryrie points out that the masculine form is used for these people allowing Ruth to enter the line of Christ. The Liberty Bible Commentary points out that Ruth was in the eleventh generation from Lot’s sinful act and therefore allowed full membership into the covenant.
Edmonites were descendants of Esau and therefore allowed a covenant relationship as were the Egyptians who served as an incubator for Israel.
The Israelites needed to keep their camps clean even in wartime. This presumably would have ceremonial as well as hygienic consequences.
A slave from a pagan nation was not to be returned to its owner. It could stay in Israel.
Cult prostitutes were not allowed nor were their wages to be accepted as offerings.
Interest could be charged to foreigners but not countrymen.
Vows must be fulfilled or it is sin.
You can eat as many as you want of your neighbor’s grapes but you can’t take any “to go.” The same goes for grain but you can’t use a sickle. It’s not a Sam’s Club.
Dt. 24: 1-5 D-I-V-O-R-C-E
A man was permitted to divorce his wife. But if she married someone else and he died, she could not return to her first husband.
A man can’t leave his wife for military duty for at least a year.
Dt. 24: 16-21 Various Laws
No taking of upper millstones since that removes a person’s livelihood.
Remember the story of Miriam and obey the priests on the laws of leprosy.
No phone solicitors to extract loan repayment or taking the coat of a poor man overnight since he’d need it to stay warm.
No holding on to a poor man’s wages overnight or garnishing his wages since he might really need it.
Fathers can’t be put to death for the sins of their children or vice versa. A person is responsible for his or her own sins.
Aliens and orphans or widows had to be respected since they themselves were slaves in Egypt.
They weren’t to harvest their fields clean but leave something for the poor.
Dt. 25: 1-19 Various Laws, Pt. 2
Forty lashes was the most a man could be beaten for a crime.
An ox couldn’t be muzzled while he was threshing. The animal was allowed to eat of whatever he was threshing. Paul applied this principle to pastors (1Ti. 5:18; 1Cor. 9: 9-10). It is a good principle but what if the congregation is not applying what they hear in the sermons?
A man was supposed to carry on his brother’s name if he died by taking his widow. If he didn’t and the elders couldn’t persuade him, she could take off his sandal and smack him with it. Then she spit on him. The shoe thing symbolized his loss of his inheritance in her. The spitting was to symbolize his disgrace before the elders. (She could actually just spit on the ground.) This law was applied in the story of Ruth and figured in her becoming part of the line of Jesus (Ru. 4: 17-22; Mt. 1: 5).
Women are to act like ladies and not touch what they shouldn’t even in a fight. Her hand was to be cut off. (Uh.)
No differing weights and cheating in business.
The Amalikites had their roots in Esau (Gen. 36: 9, 15). They were the worst of the worst pagan even killing the Israelites who drew up the rear, probably the old and infirm. God didn’t like them. They had to be done away with.
New Testament: Luke 10:13-37
Luke 10: 13 -16 Not Listening
Jesus said it would be better in Hell for Sodom and Gomorrah than a town that rejected His messengers. They wouldn’t listen to the guys and they wouldn’t have listened to Jesus either. And they wouldn’t have listened to His Father either.
Luke 10: 17 -29 Seventy Happy Returns Of The Day
The seventy that Jesus had sent out came back happy because demons were listening to them. Jesus said He saw Satan falling from heaven but that the seventy should be more glad that they were going to heaven.
Jesus thanked the Father that it was the spiritual infants who were really catching on to things. Jesus told the disciples that they were getting to see things that even the Old Testament prophets had gotten to see.
Then a religious leader-lawyer stood up and tested Jesus asking Him what he needed to do to go to Heaven. Jesus asked him what he thought the Old Testament said on how to go to Heaven. The man told Jesus that a person had to obey two commandments, to love God and to love others. Jesus approved but then the man said, “so who are the ‘others though?”
Luke 10: 30-37 Story Of The Good Sunday Driver
Jesus told him the story of the Good Sunday Driver. A man was driving from New York to New Jersey when the car tire blew out. He got out to change the tire and got jumped by a gang. It was Sunday and church had just let out. So an Episcopal elder went driving by him followed by a Methodist deacon. They didn’t stop for him. Finally, a lowly freewill Baptist stopped and got him to the hospital and paid for all his expenses and left money to fix the tire. Jesus asked the man who he thought the “other” was. The man said it was the freewill Baptists. Jesus told him to act like that guy.