Old Testament: Isaiah 12:1-14:32
Isaiah 12:1-14:32 A Real Counterfeit
Chap. 12: This concludes the section on Assyria (modern-day areas in Iraq, Syria, and Turkey). It is a hymn of praise for sparing them after the Great Tribulation. Note the use of the phrase, “in that day” (v. 4).
Chap. 13: A new section begins with judgments on surrounding enemy nations. “Burdens” are mentioned in chaps. 13-23. You can substitute the word “judgment” for “burden.” This chapter centers on Babylon, perhaps the greatest ancient kingdom. It now lies in ruins and is a center of demonic activity. It symbolizes all that rises against God. It rebelled when the towers were built in Babel and it rebels to this day. It lies in destruction until this day, fulfilling the prophecy of v. 20.
McGee says that the original center of the nation has been excavated but the shepherds won’t even go into that area (v. 20). They are superstitious. McGee takes the “satyrs” in v. 21 to be demons. The NASB notes have “goat demons.” So maybe they are dancing there.
Chap. 14: The oracle against Babylon in chap. 13 continues here. What is really interesting is the description of the ruler of Babylon. Isaiah is also tipping us off as to the nature of Satan in vv. 12-16. It is a double-referent to Satan and the king of Babylon. Notice the use of “I will” five times. Pride is willful and wants its own way. Ever seen a bunch of babies playing together? It’s a foreshadowing of Hell. Everyone will want their own way in Hell but there won’t be anything to go around. Eeesch. Satan wants what belongs to God.
“Star of the Morning” in v. 12 is translated Lucifer in the KJV, but is literally in Hebrew, “hinting one.” “Star of the Morning” is the same title that is rightfully Jesus’. He is called “Star of the Morning” in 2 Pet. 1:19 and Rev. 22:16. Satan is the counterfeit. The “stars” in v.13 are angels. Angels are often referred to as “stars.”
New Testament: 2 Corinthians 13:1-14
2 Corinthians 13:1-14 Salvation Quiz
A famous preacher was once asked, in an open-mic context, how often someone should “examine” oneself (v. 5). The preacher replied, “Well, probably once a day.” The follow-up question was, “Every day for how long?” The famous preacher (really, really famous preacher, by the way), answered, “Everyday for the rest of your life.” The questioner then asked, “how, then, can you have assurance of salvation?” There was no answer from the famous preacher. Just because someone is famous doesn’t mean his theology is correct. The answer is that we have assurance of salvation when we trust Christ (1 John 5:13). We examine ourselves to make sure that our “walk” is in line with the Lord. If you examine yourself and you haven’t trusted Christ, today is the day to choose Him (2 Cor. 6:2, cf. Deut. 30:19).
Paul reminds the Corinthians of the Biblical principle that any accused person must have at least two or three witnesses against him (cf. Deut. 19:15; Matt. 18:16; 1 Tim. 5:19). That is the approach he would use when he visited if he had to straighten things out. He is hoping that he doesn’t have to be “severe” when he visits (v. 10).
Paul exhorts them to live together in peace (v. 11). He tells them again to greet each with with a “holy kiss” (v. 12, cf. Rom. 16:16; 1 Cor. 16:20; 1 Thess. 5:26). You don’t have to do that today. In fact, it’s not even recommended. Just a handshake will do.
Paul began by wishing the Corinthians grace and peace (2 Cor. 1:2) and closes the same way (v. 11, 14). In fact, both books to the Corinthiams have been about living in peace.