Old Testament: Exodus 34:1-35:9
God gave Moses another copy of the commands that He made without tools.
Then Yahweh reminded everyone to keep His rules.
Moses came down from the mountain and his face shined.
Everyone gave for the Tabernacle whatever they could find.
Exodus 34: 1- 9 Returns Department
Moses made two new stone tablets for God to re-write the Ten Commandments. Moses went back up on the mountain and the Lord came down to him in a cloud. As the Lord passed in front of Moses He proclaimed, “The Lord, the Lord God, compassionate and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in lovingkindness and truth; who keeps lovingkindness for thousands, who forgives iniquity, transgression and sin; yet He will by no means leave the guilty unpunished, visiting the iniquity of fathers on the children and on the grandchildren to the third and fourth generations” (vv. 6 – 7).
The relationship God has with His people is one faithful love, the Hebrew word hesed. Although God is Love, He is also all-holy. He must punish sin even to the third and fourth generation.
Then Moses bowed low to the ground and worshipped Him because of Who He is. He asked again for God to forgive the nation’s sins and continue to be with them and guide them even though they were so boneheaded.
Exodus 34:10-28 Renewal of the Vows
God promised to do miracles that would be a witness to other nations. This included the removal of enemies from Palestine. God was using Israel as a witness to Himself as well as to teach other generations about Himself and His ways. The purpose was so they, too, could have a relationship with Him. They were not to covenant or intermarry with the other nations lest they take on their pagan worship and ways. Their failure regarding this resulted in their eventual exile.
Much of this passage is a reminder of things God had already commanded them in chap. 12: 15-20; 23: 15; 34: 19, 20; 13: 12-13; 22: 29-30. These include the adjoining of the Feasts of Unleavened Bread, The Feast of Weeks (aka Feast of Harvest aka Feast of Pentecost) and the Feast of Ingathering.
There was also a reminder to rest on the Sabbath, one of the Ten Commandments. Also, the prohibition of cooking your kids (baby goats) . . . in mother’s milk (cf. 23: 19; Dt. 14: 21). (It was most likely to either show the value or life or not to copy local pagan customs.) Moses was to write down all that God told him about the covenant. Yahweh then presented Moses with another copy of the Ten Commandments. Moses was again up on the mountain for 40 days and 40 nights but the people did not fall into idolatry this time.
Exodus 34:29-35 God gives Moses A “Shiner”
Moses didn’t know it till someone told him but after being with Yahweh, his face started shining. (Everyone knew he was bright.) He had to wear a veil when he wasn’t with God and took it off when he went into the Tent of Meeting.
Exodus 35:1-9 Striking The Tent
Moses reminded everyone to rest on Saturday. He also put out the call for precious metals, precious stones and material to be used to build and operate the Tabernacle.
After Moses had destroyed the original ten commandments, Yahweh replaced them with new ones. God reminds the people to keep the Feasts of Unleavened Bread and Weeks as well as other parts of the covenant He had already established with them. Moses’ face was shining after he came down from his meeting with Yahweh. Moses reminded everyone to rest but also asked for material for building the Tabernacle.
New Testament: Matthew 27:15-26
The governor was allowed to release a crook.
Pilate wanted to release innocent Jesus but another they took.
Though he was the local authority he himself held no sway.
Jesus was tortured and taken away.
Matthew 27:15-26 Our Pilate Is Not In Control
During the holidays, Pilate was allowed to offer to release a prisoner. The Jews wanted Jesus crucified and Pilate believed Jesus to be innocent (his wife had had a dream about Jesus and warned him, v. 19). Sure that the people would choose Jesus, he thought he could solve his dilemma. They surprised him by asking for a murderer and insurrectionist, Barabbas (not to be confused with Baraxo, the soap that Ronald Reagan used to pedal – Ronald Reagan sells Baraxo). When Pilate asked the people what they wanted done to Jesus, they shouted as one, “Crucify!” (Talk about a national rejection!) Pilate was afraid of a riot so as an object lesson, he symbolically washed his hands of the mess in a bowl of water. (Unfortunately, that works as well as crossing your fingers behind your back.)
Pilate said he was innocent of Jesus’ blood (see above re: crossing fingers). The people said they wanted Jesus’ blood on themselves and their children. That would have been good because they would’ve been saved but I don’t think they really meant it the right way. So Pilate released the scumbucket, Barabbas, and had Jesus scourged in preparation for crucifixion.
Matthew 27:27–31 Can You Believe These Guys?
In a sense I guess people mock God these days. But to actually take the Son of God and strip Him, put a scarlet robe on Him, then stick a crown of thorns on His head, a reed in His hand THEN mock Him? They chanted, “Hail, King of the Jews!” v. 29) and spit on Him and beat Him over the head with the reed (see Isaiah 52:14 and 1 Pet. 2:23). Then they put His own clothes back on Him and took Him away to crucify Him.
Pilate was allowed to release a prisoner every year during the Passover. He was trying to have Jesus released to get him out of his dilemma of convicting an innocent Man. But the people wanted to release the murderer and insurrectionist Barabbas instead. Jesus was tortured and taken away to be crucified.