Old Testament: 2 Chronicles 26:1-28:27
2 Chronicles 26:1- 28:27 A Haze Falls On Judah
Here are the parallels in Kings to our section for today:
2 Kings 14:21-22 2 Chron. 26:1-2
2 Kings 15:1-3; 4-7; 32-8 2 Chron. 26:3-5; 16-23
2 Kings 15:32-38 2 Chron. 27:1-9
2 Kings 16:1-5 2 Chron. 28:1-7
2 Kings 16:6-20 2 Chron. 28:16-27
2Chronicles 26:6-15 and 28:8-15 are unique.
I have written on kings Uzziah, Jotham and Ahaz here:
I’ve written about Uzziah, Jotham and Ahaz.
Uzziah (aka Azariah) started out well but as it says in Proverbs (16: 18), pride goes before a fall. He had done so well that he became full of himself and decided he could do the work of a priest. He tried to burn incense in the Temple though it was prohibited by Mosiac law. Eighty priests tried to warn him not to do it (v. 17) but he insisted. Yahweh struck him with leprosy and he had to be quarantined. His son Jotham took over while his father was still alive when his father was removed from civilization (v. 21-23).
Jotham became king when he was only twenty-five years old. He did well and even defeated the Ammonites to the point where they paid him tribute money. He reigned for sixteen years, died, and his son Ahaz took over.
Ahaz was only twenty years old when he became king. He also reigned for sixteen years but he acted like he was a king from the northern kingdom. He worshipped Baal and even sacrificed his sons by burning them to death like a pagan. Because of this, Yahweh handed him over to the king of Aram and of the northern kingdom. Israel, the northern kingdom, took 200,000 women and children as captives to be slaves. They were warned by a prophet to return all the people they had taken to Judah. Several of the elders of Israel ensured that the captives were taken care of and returned.
Ahaz did not learn his lesson but made an alliance with Assyria, fearful that he’d again be overrun by Israel or perhaps the Edomites or Philistines. It turned out that despite his bribes, the Assyrians did not help him. He shut up the Temple and encouraged pagan worship. He was succeeded by his son, Hezekiah.
New Testament: Romans 13:1-14
Romans 13:1-14 Owe No!
Chapters 1-8 were pure theology. The next three chapters, 9-11, were about the place of Israel in God’s new plan and how the Gentiles were grafted into the tree of the believing through the ages. The final chapters of Romans are about the practical out-workings of the theology Paul has expounded.
Chapter thirteen tells us to submit to the government. It tells us that the government has God-given power to protect its citizens and to wage war (v.4, “bear the sword”). We are to pay taxes and respect those God has allowed to be in places of authority (v. 6).
Paul tells us not to continue in debt except to pay the debt of love to others. The phrase is literally, “do not keep owing anyone anything” (cf. Matt. 5:42 where allowance of debt is implied). We are always to consider that we owe everyone agape love, that is, self-sacrificial love. To love is to fulfill the law. The entire second half of the ten commandments are devoted to adultery, murder, stealing, and coveting, all sins committed against our fellow man. The first half of the ten commandments in relation to God are worked out in society and fellowship. That is why Jesus was able to sum up the law in two parts, love God and love our neighbors (Matt. 22:37-40).
Verse 11 is a warning to awake from our sin. This verse is not in the pew Bibles of most churches today. Oh, wait . . . must churches don’t have pew Bibles anymore. “For now our salvation is nearer than when we believed” does not contradict verses like John 5:24 and 1 John 5:13 that give us assurance that we are already saved if we have believed. It refers to the third stage, as it were, of our salvation when the Lord returns and we receive our new bodies (cf. Rom. 8:23; Heb. 9:28; 1 Pet. 1:5; James 5:8).
Paul exhorts us in verse 12 to live as if we are of the day (1 Thess. 5:4-11; Eph. 5:8, 14) and put on our armor or light (Eph. 6:10-17). The people around them might engage in “carousing and drunkenness,” “promiscuity and sensuality,” “strife and jealousy” but they were to “put on the Lord Jesus Christ” to fight bodily cravings and lusts (“passions” discussed in Rom. 7:5 and here: Not My Problem). To put on Jesus is to put on the new self (cf. Eph. 4:24; Col. 3:10). Believers put on Jesus when they are saved (Gal. 3:27). It is the same as walking in the Spirit as we studied in Romans 8 (v. 4, cf. Gal. 5:16, 25). (See also blog on Romans 8: Get The ‘Led” Out).